Khao Lak Guide
|A Brief history
According the evident record, before Rattanakosin
Period, Phang Nga was a sub-district depending on
the town of Takua Pa (one of the districts of the
present-day Phang Nga). Until the reign of King Rama
I, Phang Nga was bestowed its status of town as the
same level as Takua Pa and Takua Tung towns, and all
were moved from the government’s Harbor Department
and put under the Ministry of Defense.
Nga was officially established only in 1809, in the
reign of King Rama II, when one of the periodic wars
with Burma was raging. As a result, many southern
towns of Thailand were considerably devastated.
Accordingly, King Rama III would eye to restore the
coastline towns destroyed by the Burmese invasion;
he assigned a governor to administer the province,
reporting directly to the central administration in
Bangkok. The first governor of Phang Nga province
was Phraya Boriraksa Phutorn (Saeng Na Nakorn),
being in his mission in 1840. Later Takua Tung and
Takua Pa towns were abolished to be only districts
depending on Phang Nga Province, and it has its
territory and provincial status as seen today ever
Phang Nga Province was initially named Phu Nga
Town after the name of Nga or Phang
Nga Mountain. It was probably named to be a
counterpart town of Phuket. Since the province is
located on the ancient trade route of tins, there
were foreigners who did their trading here and
called its name with the variant accent, then became
its present name Phang Nga.
Phang Nga Province is situated 788 kilometers from
Bangkok, covering the total area of 4,170 square
kilometers. Its topography is mostly composed of
forested mountains and plantation areas; the chief
corps of Phang Nga Province is rubber and some
amounts of rice. Offshore, there spring up small and
large limestone islands of various shapes resulted
by the heat and pressure as well as a variety of
geological forces. The cliffs in each single island
are characterized by its streaks in different hues
which make the rock have the colorful layers, black,
tan, grey, white and red, riddled with caves rich in
spectacular stalactites and stalagmites. These
colored streaks are caused by the iron deposit
leached by ground water from ancient river beds.
Another striking landscape in Phang Nga is Hong
which means rooms, concealed inside some of Phang
Nga’s islands. They are the collapsed cave systems
which open to the sky and provide the interior space
for sparkling beach and unspoiled forest, becoming
the hidden paradise which definitely deserves
North: borders Ranong Province and Surat
South: borders Phuket Province and the
East: borders Surat Thani Province and Krabi
West: borders the Andaman Sea.
Distance from Phang-Nga city to its nearby
- Ranong 226 kilometers
- Surat Thani 196 kilometers
- Krabi 86 kilometers
- Phuket 87 kilometers
Like its neighboring province on the coastline of
the Andaman Sea, Phang Nga is dominated by the
tropical monsoon. Generally, the temperature is warm
all year round. The hottest time is during the month
of April when the temperature can reach 36°C.
The monsoonal season which brings in heavy
downpours commence in May and last in early
December. The wettest month is September. There is
sunshine period alternating with rains however.
From December to April is the best time to visit
Phang Nga like most of its neighboring provinces as
it is the end of monsoons. The sky is blue with
pleasant temperature and wonderful sunlight.
Phang Nga province is primarily agricultural; its
local products are mainly agriculture-related. Like
other provinces in the southern region, the most
important plantation of the province is rubber. In
Phang Nga, in addition to the raw rubber which makes
a great amount of revenue to the province’s
economy, products from rubber trees is adapted into
handicraft creation by local women with their folk
skills -that is artificial flowers.
Artificial flowers are made from rubber
leaves, colorfully and beautifully set in bouquets.
These products are ingeniously conceived and became
in demand in the market of decorative and handicraft
products. They are sold at the Agricultural
Department Office in Phang Nga town, and also at the
Farm Women’s Group in various districts.
Bordering the Andaman Sea, Phang Nga benefits the
prolific fruits from the sea. A wide range of sea
food products are found here. One of the most famous
is shrimp paste, called kapi which
comes from different villages, for example, Kapi Koh
Yao, Kapi Koh Panyee. Also popular is kung siab which
is dried shrimp, often eaten with nam prik or chilly
condiment. These products can be found in local
store and markets everywhere.
This article is written and
Royal Exclusive Travel Co. Ltd.
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